The Effects of Public Social Infrastructure and Gender Equality on Output and Employment: The case of South Korea
According to the Global Gender Gap Index of the World Economic Forum (2018), South Korea is one of the lowest ranked countries in the world in terms of “Economic Participation and Opportunity” (124th out of 149 countries) as of 2018. The Global Gender Gap Index also shows that South Korea ranks 88th in terms of
Current Policies and Programs Addressing Childcare and Eldercare in South Korea
The major care policies that South Korea currently has in place are the Early Childhood Education and Care Policy, the Long-Term Care Insurance (LTCI) Program, the Maternity Protection Act, and welfare policies for the disabled. It is well-known idea that social provision can be divided in several types; power, cash, vouchers, time, services, and opportunity, by Gilbert and Neil in their book of Dimensions of Social Welfare Policy.
Research Teams Awarded Funding to Produce Theoretical Gender-Aware Macromodels
The Care Work and Economy project has awarded five research teams funding to produce theoretical gender-aware macromodels that incorporate care in the development context. Each team contributes to one of two broad macroeconomic themes in terms that also account for care work and gender inequality: 1) growth and employment, and 2) social reproduction and structural
ILO Releases New Report on Care Work and Care Jobs
In June the International Labour Organization released their new report Care Work and Care Jobs for the Future of Decent Work. The report analyses the ways in which unpaid care work is recognized and organized, the extent and quality of care jobs and their impact on the well-being of individuals and society. A key focus
The Progression of South Korea’s Childcare Model
South Korea’s childcare model began to develop when the Child Welfare Act (the Act) was first introduced in 1962. Prior to that, no solid policy for childcare existed, as it was a period of political and social turmoil in the country after Korean war (1950-1953). Thanks to the Act, several nursery facilities were built during this period with foreign assistance, yet with a narrow objective of relieving the poor and numerous orphans who lost their parents during the war (Kang, 2002). The Child Welfare Act of 1962 initiated a structured system-level approach to the childcare sector. The Act was still grounded in the notion that families are solely responsible for childrearing unless the children have special needs, in which case government support and protection is warranted.