Gender Aware Applied Modeling

About Gender Aware Applied Modeling

The Gender-Aware Applied Modelling Working Group develops country-specific macroeconomic tools that integrate care and gendered dynamics both in labor markets and within households, including interactions between paid and unpaid care work and private and public care provisioning.  A fine level of detail is provided for sectors, factors of production (such as labor) and household types with the specific aim of highlighting the gendered structure of an economy.  This modelling approach allows one to assess the full range of gender distributional effects that might result from a variety of economic and social policies as well as their fiscal sustainability.  These sorts of assessments are crucial for enabling policymakers to effectively respond to the challenges posed by demographic and technological changes in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Policy questions that will be answered include, among others: What sort of fiscal policies (public spending and/or taxation) are likely to be most effective at reducing gender gaps in paid employment? What form of public investment can best contribute to reduce and redistribute unpaid work both across genders and socio-economic groups?  This modelling approach will first be applied to South Korea. This will involve constructing a detailed gender-aware Social Accounting Matrix, drawing on findings estimated by the Understanding and Measuring Care Cluster as well as estimations from a number of Korean nationally representative surveys, and use it to calibrate a new variant of the MAMS (Maquette for MDG simulations) model. The initial policy focus will be on expansion of both childcare and care provision for the elderly but could be later extended to simulation of other government policies and even trade policies.

Meet Gender Aware Applied Modeling Researchers

Carmen Estrades
Carmen Estrades
Assistant Professor - Universidad de la República Uruguay
Marzia Fontana
Marzia Fontana
Research Associate at the Institute of Development Studies - University of Sussex
İpek İlkkaracan
İpek İlkkaracan
Professor - Istanbul Technical University (ITU)
Young Ock Kim
Young Ock Kim
Senior Fellow - Korean Women’s Development Institute
Kijong Kim
Kijong Kim
Research Scholar - Levy Economics Institute of Bard College
Hans Lofgren
Hans Lofgren
Independent Consultant

Gender Aware Applied Modeling POSTS

A Gendered Social Accounting Matrix for South Korea

A social accounting matrix (SAM) is an economy-wide consistent representation of the payments in an economy, linking production, primary factors, and institutions (the latter often split into households, government, and the rest of the world). In the words of Round (2003), “it is a comprehensive, flexible, and dis-aggregated framework which elaborates and articulates the generation
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Ipek IIkaracan Presenting Paper at Conference

Impact of Investing in Social Care on Employment Generation, Time- and Income-Poverty and Gender Gaps: A Macro-Micro Policy Simulation for Turkey

CONTRIBUTORS İpek İlkkaracan, EMEL MEMIS, KIJONG KIM, TOM MASTERSON, and  Ajit Zacharias Feminist economists have long emphasized the recognition, reduction and redistribution of unpaid care work (the so-called 3R strategy) as a primary policy intervention towards closing of the gender economic gaps. Investing in a social care infrastructure is an important component of the 3R
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Cem Oyvat presenting paper at conference

The Effects of Public Social Infrastructure and Gender Equality on Output and Employment: The case of South Korea

According to the Global Gender Gap Index of the World Economic Forum (2018), South Korea is one of the lowest ranked countries in the world in terms of “Economic Participation and Opportunity” (124th out of 149 countries) as of 2018. The Global Gender Gap Index also shows that South Korea ranks 88th in terms of
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Woman helping young child

Applied modelling of gender equitable macro-policies and care provision: the contribution of CGE models

The importance of public investment and adequate care policies for gender equality has come to the forefront of the policy agenda in recent years. The Sustainable Development Goals framework for the first time explicitly recognizes the unequal distribution of unpaid domestic work and care as main source of gender inequality. Target 5.4, in particular, draws
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Group of researchers and panel

50 Researchers Come Together for 2019 Annual Meeting

2019 Care Work and the Economy Annual Meeting in Glasgow, Scotland The Care Work and the Economy (CWE-GAM) held its 2nd Annual Meeting in Glasgow, Scotland on June 30-July 2, 2019. The network of 50 researchers and stakeholders convened to discuss the project’s progress since its 2018 Annual Meeting in Berlin. The Co-Principal Investigators Maria
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