The Understanding and Measuring Care Cluster is working to gain a deeper understanding of the nature of care work by developing comprehensive measures and methodological approaches and producing new research that illustrates the intersectionality of care provisioning, economic growth and distribution. Using South Korea as a case study, this cluster will develop and produce research through: 1) an enhanced time use survey questionnaire that captures the intensity of care, the amount of care, and the types of different care-related activities; 2) a quantitative survey that allows for matching of caregivers and care recipients, linking care demand with supply; 3) a qualitative survey to explore the nature of care provisioning; 4) site visits and interviews of organized childcare and eldercare institutions. The cluster will also produce an extensive estimation of the current Korean care economy and projections on the demand for care in South Korea for 2030. The qualitative and quantitative research undertaken in South Korea will highlight the need to adequately address the care needs of society and will inform the structure of our gender-aware macromodel and help to estimate a full set of key parameters for it.